• Lucia De Rosa

Sunscreens, why use them and how to choose it

Updated: May 7

With the coming of the summer season it is right to talk about sun protection, even if we must always take in consideration that almost 50% of the sun's rays are taken during the summer and the rest from the beginning of autumn until the end of spring. As you may have realized, before and even after autumn, it is easy to accelerate photoaging with the sun's rays that filter through the clouds and gray skies.

But why is it so important to protect ourselves from the sun's rays?

Generally, UVA rays are the ones that lead to the formation of wrinkles (even precocious ones that form photoaging) and hyperpigmentation; while UVB rays are responsible for the formation of erythema and sunburn. What are sunscreens for?

We must take into account that when we prepare the skin for tanning, little by little melanin is produced, which is nothing more than the dark pigment that gives us color and protects us from dangerous rays, but it is very important to sunbathe gradually, for example 10 minutes a day for the first week and then gradually increase sun exposure. However, it must be said that the skin alone cannot protect itself from all of the sun's rays to which we may be exposed, which is why it is necessary to use sunscreens that are capable of shielding and blocking UV rays, depending on the type of protection.

How to choose the sunscreen? The ideal thing would be to choose it according to the own phototype, people with fair skin and blond / red hair probably should choose a high protection type 50 because they have the tendency to burn, while people with olive skin could also choose an intermediate protection like 25 or 30 because they proobabilmente have less tendency to burn. Of course, even when using sunscreen and after having exposed themselves to the sun in a gradual way, it is important to use certain precautions such as not to expose themselves to the sun during the hottest hours, since from 12am to 4pm, as we know, are the hours when the sun's rays are more concentrated and dangerous; it is important to drink at least two liters of water to stay hidrated, of course, having a diet rich in carotenoids can help prepare our skin to have a greater production of melatonin and less risk of sunburn.

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How many types of sunscreen we have and how to choose it

Oils unscreens, often derived from vegetable oils, excellent for protecting even the hair from dryness due to sun exposure or color change;

Sunscreens in sticks or hydrogels, excellent for applying to localized areas such as lips, eye/lip contour, scars after sunburn or operations and e pre-existing hyperpigmentation.

Subsequently, we can also find sunscreens in hydrogel and emulsion format, in the first case they often have an alkolic base and are therefore unsuitable for sensitive/reactive skin and children, while in the case of sunscreens in cream form it is possible to find them with a water base or with an oily base, in this case they are more resistant to bathing in water (although it is advisable to reapply the sunscreen once out of the water) and to sweat.

Certainly the 50 SPF protection by Clarins is a great way to start out lying in the sun, it has a very pleasant scent, so on a sensory level it is also very pleasant and relaxing. From personal experience I highly recommend it because it has been an excellent ally during last summer and I must admit that I have never been burned. Of course you will also find the body format.

Credist by Clarins via web

The 30 SPF by Bioderma is a great one for olive skin, being in spray is easly to apply.

Credits by Bioderma by web

While this sun screen protection in stick by Lierac is really great for hyperpigmentation and scars, I have both of them and I can assure you that it protects the areas you are interested in really well and prevents hyperpigmentation from getting worse.

Credits by Lierac via web

Finally I can recommend this sunscreen for hair by Phito Plage, as you an image from the name it is an organic product, which is fantastic, my hair has a tendency to dry in the sun and even more so with the sea water that being very salty dries fairly also even the most resistant hair, since I use it I must admit that their condition is much healthier and after swimming in the sea are less damaged.

Have you ever used some of this products?

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